A strong core is more than just a set of abs. It’s about building a foundation of strength and stability that will benefit your entire body. There are four main muscle groups in the core that wrap around your internal organs.

  • Transversus abdominis This deep muscle stabilizes the trunk and maintains abdominal pressure.
  • Rectus Abdominis: This muscle is located between the ribs and the pubic bones. It gives the six-pack appearance. It moves the body between the pelvis and the ribcage.
  • External Oblique muscles: These muscles are located on either side of the rectus abdominalis and allow the trunk to twist by contracting against the side that is being turned.
  • Internal Oblique Muscles – These muscles are located inside the hip bone, just behind the rectus abdominalis. They work in opposition to the external obliques. These muscles are activated by twisting the trunk, and they work in conjunction with external obliques.

If you are an athlete looking to improve your performance or someone who wants to relieve lower back pain and have a better posture, here are ten core strengthening exercises:


Lay on your back with your legs bent and your feet flat on the ground.

Put your hands behind or across your chest.

Contract your abdominal muscles to lift your upper body and lower it down.

Crunches are mainly targeted at the muscles of the rectus abdominalis, the front sheath.


Reverse Crunches

Lay on your back with your hands placed on the floor next to you.

As you lift your legs, contract your abdominal muscles to lift your hips towards your chest.

Lower back your hips without letting the legs touch the ground.

The lower abdominal muscles are the primary target of reverse crunches, including the lower portion of the rectus abdomen.

Take your ab crunches up a notch with the Body Iron Semi-Commercial Adjustable Ab Bench, AB850 span me-fragment= “1”, me style=”font weight: 400 ;”>. This versatile bench has 12 different incline settings.



Start with straight arms in the pushup position.

Drop yourself onto your forearms.

Maintain a straight body line from your head to your heels. Engage your core and hold this position as long as possible.

Planks work primarily on the transverse abdominals and rectus abdomens, two important muscle groups of the core.


Leg Raises

Lay on your back with your legs straight.

Slowly lower your legs back down without letting your feet touch the ground.

Press your lower back into the ground.

Leg lifts primarily target the lower abdominal muscles. Specifically, the lower portion of the rectus abdomenspan me-fragment= “1”, me style=”font weight: 400 ;”>. The body iron dip station is a unique piece of equipment that enhances leg raise exercises. The wide, robust base ensures stability and eliminates unwanted movements when exercising.


Russian Twists

Sit with your legs bent and your heels approximately a foot away from your butt.

Balance on your sit bones by leaning back slightly.

Hold a medicine ball or weight with both your hands and twist your torso right then left.

Russian twists target the muscles of the oblique located on your sides.

YBells are a great way to enhance your Russian twists. This versatile fitness tool can be used as a dumbbell, kettlebell, medicine ball, or pushup bar. It offers endless options to improve your training routine. Your Russian twists can be taken to a new level with the YBell.


Bicycle Crunches

Lean back and place your hands behind your neck.

Lift your shoulder blades and bring your knees to your chest.

While pedaling your legs, touch your right elbow on your left knee.

The bicycle crunches target both the rectus abdominalis and oblique muscle groups.


Mountain Climbers

Start by doing a pushup.

As if you are climbing a mountain quickly, alternate, bringing your legs towards your chest.

Maintain a straight line between your body and your core.

Mountaineers focus on the abdominis rectus and the muscles of the obliques.


Hanging Leg Raises

Hold onto a pull-up bar while your arms are fully extended.

You can lift your legs to the ceiling, but you should not swing your body.

Lower back your legs without letting them sway.

Hanging the Leg Raises target primarily the lower abdominal muscles. Specifically, the lower part of Rectus Abdominisspan me-fragment= “1”, me style=”font weight: 400 ;”>. The Body Iron Hanging Abs Straps will elevate your hanging leg lifts. The heavy-duty straps are a great addition to any step-up, and the carbine locking system provides extreme support.


Dead Bug Exercise

Lay on your back with your legs raised off the floor and your arms extended to the ceiling. Your knees should be bent at 90 degrees.

Lower both your left arm and right Leg to the ground, but do not let them touch. Then, return to the start position and change sides.

The transverse abdominal muscles are the main muscles targeted by dead bug exercises.


Ab Rollouts

Kneel on the floor and grasp an ab wheel with weight plates or a barbell.

Keep your core tight and roll the wheel (or barbell) forward until your body has fully extended.

Roll it towards your knees, and you will return to the original position.

Ab rollouts target the muscle responsible for flexing your spine.

The Dual Abdominal Wheel V2 Exercise Roller will help you tone and strengthen your abs, arms, shoulders, and back. This roller is a combination of ergonomic handles and non-skid wheels that ensure a smooth and effective workout.


Overall, achieving a toned and strong core involves more than just gaining an attractive physique. It’s also about improving overall health, stability, and strength. To achieve a strong core, you need to be dedicated and consistent and use the correct exercises based on your fitness goals and level.

These ten core fitness exercises will not only improve your physical appearance but also your overall health.

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